In Spain, travel visa requirements vary according to nationality, intended length of stay and purpose of the trip (e.g. tourism, studies). Whether you need a tourist visa for Spain or not will solely depend on your passport.
Additionally, you should be aware that Spain is part of the Schengen countries. These countries, also known as Schengen Area, have a strict tourist policy and some restrictions apply to ALL visitors regardless of their obligation to obtain a tourist visa.
One of them, the well known “90-day limit stay” forces you to leave the Schengen Area after 90 days. Actually, your entrance is only valid for 3 months within a period of 180 days (6 months). Therefore, make sure you respect this rule because the immigration officer at the border control will check both your entrance and exit dates.
You can solve all you doubts reading a complete list of answers to commonly asked questions about the tourist visa.
Applying For A Spanish Student Visa
Similarly to the tourist visa, there is a long list of countries that are waived from this requirement. The first thing you should is check whether your passport is included in that list. Remember that this exemption is only valid for a 90-day period.
If you are interested in studying in Spain for a period longer than 3 months, a student visa is required.
First and most importantly, you must get the student visa in your home country. You cannot request a student visa once you are in Spain. Second, contact the Spanish Embassy or Consulate officials to gather all the information related to a student visa application.
The process can take several weeks, so make sure you start the process well in advance.
Getting A Work Visa For Spain
If you are not a European citizen, you must apply for a work visa. Spain requires you to do so before leaving your home country.
Be warned, it is a long and complicated process, and there is no guarantee that you will be granted a work permit. It can take up to 4 months for a work visa to be issued and the Spanish Government will only grant one if you (or your company) can prove that there is no suitable European Union citizen that fits the job requirements.
If you are considering applying on your own, contact a Spanish lawyer or counselor to help you manage your submission process.
Spanish Embassies And Consulates
The Spanish Embassies and Consulates are the only official representatives allowed to issue Spanish visas abroad. You are strongly encouraged to check whether you need a visa for Spain or not.
In case you do, contact as soon as possible the Spanish Embassy or Consulate in your home country. The officials provide all the information you need to apply for a visa.
Spain has currently 150+ Embassies, Consulates and permanent representations in foreign countries. With such a large global diplomatic presence, there is a high chance that you can find a diplomatic mission in your home country.